Knee arthroscopy is a procedure in which a tiny camera is introduced into the knee joint through a small incision. The camera is able to detect torn or damaged cartilage, ligaments and other internal structures of the knee. During knee arthroscopy, small instruments may be introduced to remove damaged fragments and/or repair knee structures.
Underlying conditions that may cause your doctor to recommend exploration and repair by an orthopedic surgeon include torn meniscus, torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), fracture of the kneecap, and other conditions affecting the structures of the knee.
The orthopedic surgeon will discuss with you options for anesthesia during the procedure, from local injections to general anesthesia. After the surgery, pain medication will be prescribed, and most people are allowed to go home the same day with an elastic bandage in place over the knee and surgical dressing. Crutches may be required in the early post-surgical period.
An exercise program will be presented for you to carry out in the weeks following surgery.